What is rabies disease in cats ?
It is a neurotropic viral disease of worm blooded animal characterized by encephalitis nervous signs and ended fatally.
Causative agent of rabies:
A neurotropic RNA- containing virus mild strains are serologically similar strains of virus isolated naturally from infected cases is termed (street strains).
Mode of rabies transmission:
Induction by virus through bite rabid animal contamination of fresh wound with saliva of infected animal.
What are rabies symptoms in cats ?
Disease in cat pass with three symptomatic stages after infection virus enter to the body of infected cat nervous symptoms appear and within ten days from infection by the virus, the infected animal die. Often the infected animal die but cat can survive if the owner take infected cat to the veterinarian.
First stage.of: symptoms after infection by virus, infected cat show change in body temperature, restlessness, and irritability.
Second stage(furious form): Infected cat attack inanimate object, bite and swallow soil, grass, stones, and loss corneal reflexes
Third stage(paralysis stage): Animal becomes paralyzed and this paralysis have specific distribution. when distributes in pharyngeal muscle the animal has difficulty in swallowing. When the spinal cord suffer from degenerative changes,the tail is hanging loosely between hind limb and followed by death.
Other symptoms you can detect in your cat:
- Jaw is dropped Inability to swallow.
- Muscular lack of coordination.
- Unusual shyness or aggression.
- Excessive excitability.
- Constant irritability/changes in attitude and behavior.
- Paralysis in the mandible and larynx.
- Excessive, dripping salivation (hypersalivation), or frothy.
Diagnosis of rabies disease in cats
Diagnosis of rabies can be based on symptoms of they are typical, but should be confirmed by laboratory examination. Demonstration of typical Negri bodies. Diagnosis should be confirmed using immunofluorescent or the newer peroxidase- antiperoxidase staining techniques.
Can indoor cats get rabies?
Indoor cats can be exposed unfortunately. Indoor cats only are not completely protected from exposure to other rabid animals as indoor cats are almost never completely kept inside. Rabid bats especially, but even skunks and raccoons, have entered homes and when they do, people and pets can be exposed to the virus. Bat out door cats are mostly exposed to infection by rabies as they exposed to bite by rabid animal.
Cause of rabies in cat:
Cat infected by rabies virus through a bite or scratch by an infected animal, while the cat is not vaccinated. Raccoons, bats, skunks and fox are common reserves for rabies
Treatment of rabies in cat:
If the owner see arabid animal bite his cat and take the cat to veterinary clinic there’s possibility for survival as the veterinarian give the diseased cat anti-rabies vaccine. Anti-rabies vaccine consist of group of antibodies injected into the body of diseased cat and encourage the immune system to consist antigen to fight the virus. the anti rabies virus is not effective in all cases.
- The Human Society Of The United States, “Community Cats and Rabies”.
- MICHIGAN RABIES ASSESSMENT, “Rabies And Animals”.
- National Institute of Mathematical and Biological Synthesis,“Rabies Virus, Epidemiology, Transmission and Free-roaming Cats”.
- New Jersey Department of Health, “Management Of Domestic Animal Rabies Exposure”.
- National Center for Biotechnology Information,“Rabies In Small Animals”.
- National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians , “Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control”.
- European Advisory Board On Cat Disease, “Rabies In Cats”.